Anabolic steroids taint Olympic competition, but it's what they do to the human brain


Anabolic steroids taint Olympic competition, but it's what they do to the human brain that is terrifying

Anabolic steroids taint Olympic competition, but it's what they do to the human brain that is terrifying - LA Times

During the Olympic Games, the world gazes admiringly upon athletes with preternatural musculature and athletic ability — and then laments every tainted urine test, every revelation of doping. In the mind of the public, this is the problem with anabolic steroids: They undermine fairness in competition between elite athletes.

Damaging the spirit of sport, however, is a minor concern compared with how anabolic steroids impair the health of those who use them — not only Olympians and professional athletes, but also high school football players and rank-and-file weightlifters.

Last month, as more than 100 Russian athletes were banned from Olympic competition for doping, federal investigators revealed that Omar Mateen, who killed 49 people at an Orlando nightclub on June 12, had a long history of steroid use. That detail had a chilling echo: Norwegian killer Anders Breivik deliberately used steroids to fuel his 2011 attack that killed 77 and injured hundreds. It received little attention in the American news media at the time, but Breivik methodically experimented with the drugs and, as documented in his diary, carefully selected the steroid and dose for his “mission.”

These cold-blooded killings should tell us that even the direst health warnings about steroids — damage to the heart, liver, and reproductive system — don’t go far enough. It’s what anabolic steroids do to the brain that can be truly terrifying.

The popular image of ’roid-rage is a sudden and exaggerated response to a minimal provocation, like “The Incredible Hulk.” But that’s not how it works. Instead, studies in animals show that steroid-induced aggression is not impulsive, nor uncontrolled. Steroid-treated rats remain attuned to the context of the fight: who their opponent is and where the fight takes place. This suggests that anabolic steroids can promote not only spur-of-the-moment aggression, but also premeditated violence.

Some background information on anabolic steroids may prove useful. Steroids are organic molecules with rings that resemble chicken wire. “Anabolic” refers to their muscle-building properties. (Not all steroids are anabolic; cortisol is a steroid widely prescribed as an anti-inflammatory agent.) Despite a variety of pharmaceutical names (e.g. nandrolone, boldenone, dianabol), all anabolic steroids are derivatives of testosterone, the major steroid produced by the testes in men.

At normal levels, testosterone builds muscle and contributes to characteristic “masculine” behavior. Anabolic steroid users may boost their testosterone up to 100 times normal levels.

In 2011, testosterone was the most-common banned substance found in urine tests administered by the World Anti-Doping Agency. It remains a popular choice for doping by elite athletes because it is challenging to distinguish injected testosterone from naturally occurring sources.

Rank-and-file users choose testosterone because of its low cost and easy availability. Despite being declared controlled substances in 1991, anabolic steroids are widely available through personal trainers in gyms and can be purchased online from international sources.

It is estimated that as many as 3 million Americans have availed themselves of these outlets — far more than most people realize. Anabolic steroids are in high schools, fitness centers and "rejuvenation" clinics. A typical user is a young man in his late teens or early 20s. Among U.S. high school students, 4% to 6% of boys have used anabolic steroids, comparable to the rates of crack cocaine or heroin use. Among men in their 20s, that rate is even higher.

Anabolic steroid users may be loath to admit it, but for most the drugs are just a shortcut to bigger muscles. Still, some people defend their use as a “healthy lifestyle choice” that allows them to work out harder and recover faster.

My own research on the effects of anabolic steroids on brain and behavior show that there’s nothing healthy about it. Many anabolic steroid users show signs of addiction: They take more than intended and are reluctant to quit because of withdrawal symptoms and loss of muscle mass. In addition, heightened testosterone levels give users a sense of invulnerability and increase their risk-taking. The resulting behavior can endanger themselves and others: fighting, unsafe sex, drinking and driving, carrying a weapon. A Swedish study of anabolic steroid users showed high rates of death from homicide, suicide and drug overdose.

Research into these behavioral changes was slow to accumulate because steroid use became prevalent only in the late 1980s. Though anabolic steroid abuse remains understudied, today there is real evidence of the risks from surveys of current users and clinical studies of volunteers, supplemented with research in animals. So instead of just worrying about doped athletes during each Olympic cycle, we should focus on how widespread the use of anabolic steroids is and how dangerous they are for any users — and even those around them.

Ruth Wood, chair of the department of cell and neurobiology at USC’s Keck School of Medicine, studies the effects of anabolic steroids on brain and behavior.
I could understand this type of nonsense coming from a journalist, but the chair of a major neurobiology department?

Steroids can promote premeditated violence? Holy cow, I'm speechless.
I never carried a weapon before steroids... now I carry nunchucks and a samurai sword everywhere I go.
And my sense of well being has never been better lately. I m more patient, less likely to do anything than laugh at stooped drivers, giggle at the thug s who think they s be s badasses.

I am definitely on a pussy pounding rampage of late leaving them all 19-52 in my wake for no explanation AS I CAN.


More psyco babble from the "Strive for mediocrity" gubment talking heads.
Phuck them
I sure am glad the big pharmaceutical companies have all those great medications to otherwise take care of us hypogonadal men for depression, etc! I'm SURE the premise of the article has NOTHING to do with that though.
Breivik took caffeine just prior to the attack because his experiments showed him it would help fuel his aggression. But they always mention the steroids. We live in a headline-level of intelligence these days in which details and nuance are lost arts.
if that man Serena Williams is in the Olympics why was he not tested for steroids? s not fair some 115-120 pd Belarus female play against that Silver back...just ain t right.

E time something upsets the status quo those " in power " ( the money making elite ) or legislator s protecting them through bribery, ooops lobbying, get bent. I went from SSRI s and Benzo s and Viagra to trt and boom. As well as this "crazy ass bitch" can be...ergo my trt med s have went up 250 percent in 10 year s.

Why did Juliette s father despise Romeo ? ( in addition to being from rival banking shipping familial biz s etc)
He was out late with the hipsters imbibing in this new type of drug that heightened awareness, caused insomnia had him throwing rock s at her window to come talk .
Imported from the Island of JAVA coffee hit western Europe like meth hit Missouri 18 years ago.
Look it up.
if my dog looked like Serena Williams i would shave his ass and teach it to walk backwards. lol
U know Milt...
I only own female dog s as 1 male pig per household is more than enough.

My next one, when Dawg, my dog passes and goes to doggy heaven (where they get to shock Mike Vick with a car battery and anal cattle prod ), will be named Serena.